Bedbugs are small, oval, brownish insects that live on the blood of animals or humans. Adult bedbugs have flat bodies about the size of an apple seed. After feeding, however, their bodies swell and are a reddish color.
How To Identify Bedbugs & How To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs? Bed bugs are tiny, wingless insects that only feed on the blood of warm-blooded animals. Humans are the two main species’ preferred hosts.
Bed bugs that feed on human blood are known to exist in two species. Cimex lectularius and Cimex hemipterus are their scientific names. They have been discovered in the tombs of ancient Egyptians, dating back 3,500 years.
Bed bugs evolved as nest parasites over millions of years, inhabiting bird nests and bat roosts. However, some of them have managed to adapt to human society.
Bed bugs get their name from their preferred habitat in human homes, including sofas, bed mattresses, clothing, and other soft furnishings. Unfortunately, they also prefer to be in the dark.
Bed bugs are becoming more of a problem in all homes, including private homes, dormitories, cruise ships, army barracks, and shelters.
When viewed up close, their color can range from white to light tan to deep brown or burnt orange. When they have fed, they may have a dark red or black blob within their body.
Coming up is How to identify having bed bugs? Where Bed Bugs Hide?
How to identify having bed bugs? Where Bed Bugs Hide?
The obvious sign of bed bugs in the home is that people complain of bites while sleeping. Therefore, search the bedrooms for bed bugs and signs of bed bug activity if this occurs.
Look for bugs or eggs in bed linen, as well as the seams and tufts of mattresses and box springs. The eggs will have the appearance of tiny, pale poppy seeds.
Bed bug activity can be detected beneath loose wallpaper near beds, in the corners of desks and dressers, laundry, and drawers.
Keep an eye out for bed bug droppings that are dark brown or rust-colored and stain fabric and mattresses. Bed bug excrement is a liquid that can be light brown or black, and it usually beads up or is absorbed by the material surrounding it.
A large bed bug population may emit a coriander-like odor.
What are the symptoms of bed bug bites?
The majority of bed bugs feed on their hosts while they are sleeping. They painlessly take blood.
They inject a small amount of their unique saliva into the skin while feeding. If they feed on one person for several weeks, they may become more sensitive to their saliva and its chemicals. As a result, the host may develop an allergic reaction in the future.
Bed bugs, like fleas, bite in lines. Therefore, each row will most likely have two or three bites. This is most likely due to the bed bug being interrupted while feeding, returning about half an inch away from the next bite.
Bites can stay up to 14 days to become visible, but they usually appear within a few days. Bed bug bites are larger than fleabites and lack a red dot in the center. Instead, the bites are usually raised and red.
They can be scattered or appear in groups of three over the way of blood vessels, known as the “breakfast, lunch, and dinner signs.”
Most people who are bitten have no symptoms and are often unaware that they have been bitten. This makes preventing and identifying potential infestations more difficult. However, some people may become ill and nauseous. Scratching the bites can result in scarring and skin infections.
Anaphylactic reactions to bed bug bites are extremely rare. An asthmatic reaction to bed bugs is possible but uncommon.
What are the causes of a bed bug infestation?
Bed bugs are adaptable, and a bed bug infestation can occur in a variety of ways.
When luggage, furniture, and bedding are moved into a new home, they may become stowaways. People should exercise caution when purchasing used furniture and should never buy used mattresses. A thorough visual inspection should reveal bed bugs or their droppings.
Bed bugs can live in even vacant and seemingly clean homes. They can go for more than two months without eating. They are also thought to move from apartment to apartment via hollows and holes in the walls and tubes through which wires and pipes run.
How much does bed bug treatment cost?
Exterminating bed bugs costs homeowners between $1,000 and $2,500 on average. Your price will be determined by the level of infestation, the size of the space, and the type of treatment. A small problem could cost as little as $300, while a large house could cost as much as $5,000.
Exterminators can bill in various ways, including by the room, square footage, or a flat fee. They can bill for individual visits or as part of a package. If the problem is contained in a single room, you will pay significantly less than if it has spread to multiple areas. The total cost of the house will be the most expensive, but it may be the most cost-effective option for you.
Keep in mind that you may require multiple visits. Each company has its billing system. Some will charge you an upfront fee that includes multiple visits over time, while others will charge you per visit. Whole house heat services could cost $4,000 or more for larger homes with severe problems.
How to get rid of bed bugs?
You can’t get rid of bed bugs fast; this problem takes a bit of time and patient but, Cleaning up the areas where bed bugs live is the first step in getting rid of them. The following items should be included:
- you should know how to get rid of bed bugs in a mattress by Washing and drying bedding, curtains, linens, and clothing in boiling water on the highest dryer setting. Stuffed animals, shoes, or other items that cannot be washed should be placed in the dryer and dried on high for 30 minutes.
- Before vacuuming, scrub mattress seams with a stiff brush to remove bed bugs and their eggs.
- Regularly vacuum your bed and surrounding area. After vacuuming, instantly put the vacuum cleaner bag in a plastic bag and dispose of it in an outdoor garbage can.
- Use a tightly woven, zippered cover to keep bed bugs from entering or escaping your mattress and box springs. They can surprisingly survive for up to a year without food, so keep the cover around your mattress for a year to ensure that all bugs are dead.
- Repair plaster cracks and glue down peeling wallpaper to eliminate hiding places for bed bugs.
- Remove any clutter from around the bed.
In case your mattress is infested, you may want to get rid of it and replace it, but make sure to get rid of bed bugs in the rest of your home first, or they will infest your new mattress.
While cleaning up infested areas can help control bed bugs, getting rid of them usually necessitates chemical treatments. Because applying insecticides to your bed and bedroom can be hazardous, it is critical to use products that can be safe to use in bedrooms. Unless the label specifically states that they can be used on bedding, do not treat mattresses or bedding.
You also can get a Heat treatment; heat treatment is a quick and effective way to eliminate bed bugs. Because these bugs are becoming more and more resistant to pesticides, many professional exterminators rely on this method. The question is whether bed bugs can develop resistance to heat and whether heat treatment is effective.
Bed bug heat treatment success rate depends on how well your exterminator heats the cold spots of your room.
In general, hiring an experienced pest control professional for bed bug extermination is the safest and most effective option.